"System change is now inevitable. Either because we do something about it, or because we will be hit by climate change. '...

"We need to develop economic models that are fit for purpose. The current economic frameworks, the ones that dominate our governments, these frameworks... the current economic frameworks, the neoclassical, the market frameworks, can deal with small changes. It can tell you the difference, if a sock company puts up the price of socks, what the demand for socks will be. It cannot tell you about the sorts of system level changes we are talking about here. We would not use an understanding of laminar flow in fluid dynamics to understand turbulent flow. So why is it we are using marginal economics, small incremental change economics, to understand system level changes?"

Friday, August 22, 2014

Jury Duty in America

From the comments on a posting about Bill Moyers interviewing Tim DeChristopher:

One thing you're missing:
For the average person, jury duty can be a scary, nervous, anxiety-ridden experience.
Last year I was called for jury duty for the first time in my life. I'd only been in a courtroom twice before that: once accompanying my daughter to traffic court (the person who hit her and was ticketed was protesting their ticket, so we had to be there); and once for a custody case.
They'd pulled a large pool of potential jurors for multiple cases for that week. Officers of the Court (assistants) put us through a training video and a verbal lecture on what we were and weren't allowed to do or say, including things like whether or not we could leave the building or the grounds. While the officers were friendly at times, they also did a good job of transmitting their own anxiety over the judges to the potential jurors.
I spoke with several other people at different times on different lunch breaks, and they all said pretty much the same thing:
Jury duty made them nervous. Most were worried that if they did the wrong thing, spoke about the wrong thing, they'd not only screw up some case... but also, might be held in contempt in some way, possibly facing a fine or even jail. Some were nervous about the kind of personal information that might have to come out during the selection process, and they were right: people ended up having to talk about various family members who'd been arrested, or themselves, for various things. People ended up having to talk about having been sexually assaulted, or family/friends who'd been, or who'd been victims of other crimes. I understand the judge and lawyers need to know those things for some cases, but it's still harrowing.
While with some questions we were able to defer answering until we were brought in solo (not in the group) to help protect our privacy, at the same time, there were people constantly coming and going in the back of the courtroom (audience), and we were told NOTHING of who those people were. So not only were you discussing this stuff in front of the judge, their security officer, stenographer, clerks, the prosecution and defense lawyers and the defendant... but also random people in the back of the audience area. We also had to confirm our name, address, occupation, place of work, and a good bit of other personal information in front of those random people.
Now, imagine that you're in a jury pool for a violent crime, say a rape trial. You have to tell all that personal and often uncomfortable people not just to a room full of court workers, not just in front of the accused... but also, people who very likely *may* be family members of either the accused or the victim. All those people now know where you live, how many kids you have, where you work... and if you get picked for the jury and the verdict makes someone unhappy, THEY KNOW HOW TO GET TO YOU.
Plus, again, what if you say one word at the wrong time and place, and cause a mis-trial? What if there's a miscarriage of justice because you slipped up or were stupid?
And looming over all of it is the judicial system made real, that same system where you've heard countless stories of injustice, of capricious judges, of judges actually violating laws with their rulings or even experienced it yourself. One place in particular where people run into that a lot is family court: judges sometimes rule on visitation rights or even custody where they violate law---for instance, mandating visitation for a child old enough to choose *by law* who they will and won't visit or live with, and often despite various types of abuse. Yes, many people get traffic tickets and some end up in court---but I'm willing to bet that there's very few people who haven't either been through family court for a custody case and/or a divorce, or had friends and relatives who have---and family court is an especially tense prospect for people, because the disposition of someone they love is riding on it.
In short, between personal experiences, stories of family and friends, and stories in the media about capricious judges, hung juries, mis-trials, and contempt of court rulings... most people walk into the courthouse doors full of anxiety, when called to jury duty. That's on *top* of the anxiety caused by having to take off work or arrange child-sitters, the unpredictability of the schedule and the hours, and in general, the disruption to your daily life. Everyone dreads the thought of being on a jury in a trial that takes weeks, involves staying in a hotel, etc. Then you pile even more anxiety on by how they conduct themselves, the rules you must follow, and strangers hearing personal information from you.
Given all that, even the most civic-minded potential juror (someone who is determined to do their duty to the system) is likely to be in an intimidated state. Most don't understand all the laws, rules, and regulations... so again, when the court (judge or clerks) instructs them in something, they tend not to challenge it, or even know that they *can* challenge it. In my case, we weren't really told anything about what we could challenge or refuse to say---and there's the fear that if you refuse to answer, they'll think "what is she hiding?" and sic someone on you to investigate you... even if it's just that you're too uncomfortable to talk about something. There's the fear that refusal to serve, or refusal to answer, may get your taxes audited, or get you contempt charges, jail, and fines.
People in that state are far more pliable than they are in normal life. Authority looms over you.
It's not surprising that juries who don't understand the law themselves, and who are often in such a state of personal anxiety, take incorrect instructions from activist judges without a murmur.

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Beyond the Work Ethic


I think we need to get away from the idea than the average person can allocate resources by supplying labor (or being under the protection of someone supplying labor). This is the problem - the Puritan idea that wealth is God's signifier of virtue and poverty God's signifier of sin; this model is adaptive in a preindustrial world and in an industrial world but is maladaptive in a crowded, information-driven world. Even the replacement of diligence and vigor with intelligence and study is a cruel lie. The world cares nothing for the individual, and the capacity to allocate resources comes down to luck and to pedigree.

Sunday, August 10, 2014

On the situation in Israel / Palestine

I habitually self-identify as Jewish. Though it would never occur to me to practice the religion, looking at me it's hard to miss the genetic, cultural and philosophical influences anyway. Sometimes in driving around the south I feel that I have a blue neon Star of David floating above my head just out of my sight.
But my ethnicity doesn't determine my loyalty. I have had little affection or enthusiasm for Israel for a long time. The Likud victory after Rabin's assassination sealed this for me. I've been quite distressed by the turns in Israeli society since those horrible events in 1995. Like most modern Jews outside Israel with family ties to Israel, I've kept these feelings to myself. But the history of our people, and of my own immediate family, shows that there's an ethical requirement at some point to speak out. Ultimately, tritely but truly, silence is acquiescence. I can no longer even implicitly support what Israel has become.
I am not sure how to make amends for my past silence.
I'm a bit shocked at myself for taking so long to say this publicly, actually. My circumstances are such that I risk little by coming out as explicitly non-suportive of the actions of the contemporary Israeli state or the majority of its voting population.
People like Moti Rieber require far more courage than the likes of me to speak out. I have to say that Rabbi Rieber's writings and tweets have been a comfort as well as an inspiration amid the recent outrages. For example:
http://rebmoti.blogspot.com/2014/07/tribalism-vs-universalism.html

Note that my admiration of Reb Moti's writings doesn't imply that he reciprocates - my opinions here are my own. That said I would be thrilled to hear from him.